Identify the information you need to solve big problems.
When faced with a problematic situation, most people are distracted and overwhelmed by all the information around them, which deters them from finding a solution. However, if you can filter the important information from the unimportant ones, you will be able to resolve the situation much quicker.
View the big picture of your problem by learning about it hands-on.
If you have a problem that requires solving, get some hands-on experience in that field and understand the real-world context of it. You will then be able to come up with the best resolutions.
Look at the problem from different perspectives.
Put yourself in the shoes of the other people involved in the problem. Look at it from their perspective. This will help you understand the problem from multiple angles; you may be able to see something you were not previously aware of.
Clarify the question.
When you are faced with a problem, come up with a clear question you need to answer with a solution. Make sure this question reflects the goals you are trying to achieve. Clarifying the question in this manner will show you the direction you need to take with your solution.